To avoid "raccoon eyes" and distorted faces due to squinting, subject(s) should not be positioned to face the sun if possible. Instead, subject(s) should be positioned with the sun behind and to the right or left of them. Make sure to turn the flash on to fill in the shadowy faces.

If you don't have a flash, you will likely have to manually adjust the exposure to allow in more light as the camera will likely expose for the bright background which will leave your subject(s) underexposed.

If the camera has an exposure setting of f/8 and 1/500 seconds and the subject(s) is/are indeed underexposed, what are 2 settings to have 1 stop more light (double the amount of light entering the camera)?

For a group photo, which setting is preferred? (hint: you want to keep everyone in focus)